Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience Building
Makueni County government is set to access KES 50million for Climate Change adaptation and resilience building after passing the Makueni County Climate Change Fund (CCCF) Regulation, 2015. The CCCF regulation is a first of its kind in Kenya and indeed Africa and provides a mechanism through which Counties and vulnerable groups can access and use Climate Finance to build their resilience to a changing climate in a more coordinated way.
Communities are organized and work through elected Ward Adaptation Planning Committees (WAPCs) to identify and prioritize public good investments that are reviewed and approved by County Adaptation Planning Committee (CAPC) based on agreed criteria that include support to dominant livelihood strategies, climate risk management, linkage with County Integrated Development Plan ( CIDP), benefiting many people among others.
The KES 50M is part of seed money provided by the Department for International Development (DFID)-UK through the Adaptation Consortium to support counties to be climate finance ready and mainstream climate change in planning and implementation. Other Counties participating in the programme include Isiolo, Kitui, Wajir and Garissa who are also expected to put similar structures in place in the next few months. With such a structure/framework in place, counties can access finances from diverse sources including from their own budgets.
“Government of Makueni County appreciates efforts by non-state actors who are working with the vulnerable communities and involving the communities to voice their development agenda. Climate change fund regulation provides for this kind of interaction and involvement with vulnerable communities to explore opportunities and linkages within and outside the County,” says the Governor Prof. Kivutha Kibwana adding that the County is committed to supporting the structures to function and sharing the best practices with other counties and countries.
“As a department, we are ready to support the initiative and offer our best to ensure funds are used for the right purpose for the benefit of the vulnerable communities,” says Mary Kimanzi, Executive Committee Member for Finance. She adds that the regulation gives a framework for actors to bring their synergies together for the benefit of the communities in Makueni Counties and we are happy to be the first County to have such.
Through the regulations, Makueni County will provide funding for climate change activities identified in Makueni County Integrated Development Plan and the monies received, savings and accruals to this fund and any balances not spent at the end of the financial year shall be kept in the Fund to be used in subsequent years for purposes for which the fund is established.
“For a start, the county has committed KES. 5million for Ngai Ndethya project and this commitment by the County Government will continue to grow bigger as the regulation takes root. Just like the human organs function and work in totality, the different organs of Makueni County will work to ensure the structure functions properly for the benefit of the communities”, says Douglas Mbilu, County Executive Committee Member for Water, Irrigation & Environment. The CCCF regulations allows for actors in climate change to go down and sit under trees with the communities for faster implementation of proposed interventions, he added.
The passing of the regulations is very significant as it moves Makueni County closer to becoming a sub-national implementing entity capable of accessing and using climate finance including the Green Climate Fund (GCF) which is set to rise to US$100 billion a year by 2020. Together with their development budgets, this will considerably increase their financial resources to finance investments in support of adaptation at County and lower levels.
“The establishment of the CCCF by Makueni County takes cognizance of the urgent and significant adaptation needs as well as provisions of the Kenya Constitution and the Public Finance Management Act (PFMA) which empowers the County Executive Member in charge of Finance, with approval from the County Executive and County Assembly to establish such a fund as a public fund which can be resourced from different sources including budgetary allocation, private sector, national and international sources ” says Victor Orindi a Coordinator of the Adaptation Consortium.
Preparing county governments to access climate finance and mainstream climate in planning in support of adaptation is the objective of the Adaptation Consortium – a programme led by the National Drought Management Authority with UK AID/DfID funding as part of the Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya Plus programme (StARCK+) (http://www.adaconsortium.org/).
For more information on the establishment of CAF at the county level see the Ada briefing paper on County Adaptation Fund Support Local Priorities for Climate Resilient Development – Level in Kenya - http://www.adaconsortium.org/images/publications/Briefing-Paper.pdf